Seoul, South Korea: South Korea’s President Yoon Suk Yeol arrived in Washington on Monday for a six-day official visit as the allies step up their military cooperation in response to North Korea’s growing nuclear threat.
This year, Pyongyang has completed a record-breaking number of sanctions-defying launches, including this month’s test-firing of the nation’s first solid-fuel ballistic missile, a significant military technological advance for Kim Jong Un’s forces.
Yoon has responded by bringing South Korea closer to its steadfast ally Washington. The trip is jam-packed with events, including a summit with US President Joe Biden on Wednesday when the two will commemorate their 70 years of friendship.
“The two leaders will spend a lot of time together over the course of many events (to) celebrate the achievements of the South Korea-US alliance over 70 years, and exchange in-depth views on the alliance’s future,” principal deputy national security adviser Kim Tae-hyo told reporters ahead of the trip.
But analysts say Yoon and Biden will have a lot to hash out at their summit, as even though such events are “highly scripted” the two leaders have some “uncomfortable” topics to discuss, said Katharine Moon, Professor Emerita of Political Science at Wellesley College.
The trip comes as Yoon grapples with the South’s increasingly nervous public about the US commitment to so-called extended deterrence, where US assets — including nuclear weapons — serve to prevent attacks on allies.
A majority of South Koreans now believe the country should develop its own nuclear weapons, multiple surveys show. Yoon has hinted Seoul could pursue this option.
“There is a greater need for the United States to show its deterrence commitments at the alliance level,” said Park Won-gon, a professor of North Korean Studies at Ewha University in Seoul.
The South Korean president has seen his domestic approval ratings dive, hit hard by public disapproval over his handling of a recent US intelligence leak that appeared to reveal Washington was spying on Seoul.
He has also faced domestic backlash over a March summit with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, with critics accusing him of prioritising diplomacy over resolving disputes over Tokyo’s wartime treatment of Koreans, including forced labour and sexual slavery.
Biden is eager for both countries, which are two of Washington’s major regional allies, to work more closely over North Korea.
Source : Firstpost